Pompe disease is an autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disorder caused by disease‐associated variants in the acid alpha‐glucosidase (GAA) gene. The current Pompe mutation database provides a severity rating of GAA variants based on in silico predictions and expression studies. Here, we extended the database with clinical information of reported phenotypes. We added additional in silico predictions for effects on splicing and protein function and for cross reactive immunologic material (CRIM) status, minor allele frequencies, and molecular analyses. We analyzed 867 patients and 562 GAA variants. Based on their combination with a GAA null allele (i.e., complete deficiency of GAA enzyme activity), 49% of the 422 disease‐associated variants could be linked to classic infantile, childhood, or adult phenotypes. Predictions and immunoblot analyses identified 131 CRIM negative and 216 CRIM positive variants. While disease‐associated missense variants were found throughout the GAA protein, they were enriched up to seven‐fold in the catalytic site. Fifteen percent of disease‐associated missense variants were predicted to affect splicing. This should be confirmed using splicing assays. Inclusion of clinical severity rating in the Pompe mutation database provides an invaluable tool for diagnosis, prognosis of disease progression, treatment regimens, and the future development of personalized medicine for Pompe disease.

Additional Metadata
Keywords cardiac and skeletal muscle disorder, genotype‐phenotype relationship, glycogen storage disease type II, lysosomal storage disease, www.pompecenter.nl
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1002/humu.23854, hdl.handle.net/1765/119422
Journal Human Mutation
Citation
Nino, MY, in 't Groen, S.L.M, Bergsma, A.J, van der Beek, N.A.M.E, Kroos, M.J, Westerveld, M, … Pijnappel, W.M.P. (2019). Extension of the Pompe mutation database by linking disease-associated variants to clinical severity. Human Mutation. doi:10.1002/humu.23854