Anti-NMDA receptor (anti-NMDAR) encephalitis is a treatment-responsive autoimmune encephalitis, first described in 2007.1 Ovarian teratomas are found in one-third of the patients.2 The clinical features of this disorder vary between patients and age groups and usually include abnormal (psychiatric) behavior or cognitive dysfunction, speech dysfunction (pressured speech, verbal reduction, and mutism), seizures, movement disorders, dyskinesias, or rigidity/abnormal postures, decreased level of consciousness, autonomic dysfunction, or central hypoventilation.2 Cerebellar ataxia has been described as a symptom during the first months of the disease, especially in young children, in combination with other symptoms.2,3 It is extremely rare as the initial symptom, especially in adults. We report a case of a female adult with anti-NMDAR encephalitis presenting with cerebellar ataxia associated with recurrent mature ovarian teratomas.

Additional Metadata
Persistent URL,
Journal Neurology: Neuroimmunology and Neuroinflammation
Poorthuis, M.H.F., van Rooij, J.L.M., Koch, A.H., Verdonkschot, A.E.M., Leembruggen, M.M., & Titulaer, M.J. (2019). Cerebellar ataxia as a presenting symptom in a patient with anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis. Neurology: Neuroimmunology and Neuroinflammation, 6(4). doi:10.1212/nxi.0000000000000579