BACKGROUND: According to the WHO Multicentre Growth Reference Study Group recommendations, boys and girls have different growth trajectories after birth. Our aim was to develop gender-specific fetal growth curves in a low-risk population and to compare immediate birth outcomes. METHODS: First, second, and third trimester fetal ultrasound examinations were conducted between 2002 and 2012. The data was selected using the following criteria: routine examinations in uncomplicated singleton pregnancies, Caucasian ethnicity, and confirmation of gestational age by a crown-rump length (CRL) measurement in the first trimester. Generalized Additive Model for Location, Scale and Shape (GAMLSS) was used to align the time frames of the longitudinal fetal measurements, corresponding with the methods of the postnatal growth curves of the WHO MGRS Group. RESULTS: A total of 27,680 complete scans were selected from the astraia

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Keywords Birth outcomes, Fetal anthropometric gender differences, Perinatal and neonatal management, Prenatal growth
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Journal Biology of Sex Differences
Galjaard, S, Ameye, L. (Lieveke), Lees, C, Pexsters, A. (Anne), Bourne, T. (Tom), Timmerman, D, & Devlieger, R. (2019). Sex differences in fetal growth and immediate birth outcomes in a low-risk Caucasian population. Biology of Sex Differences, 10(1). doi:10.1186/s13293-019-0261-7