The continuously increasing container throughput has created complex operational problems for port operations and port-hinterland transportation. Increase in negative externalities such as air pollution and road congestion are examples of challenging issues. Consolidation of cargo/container flows may help to alleviate the situation by better utilizing the means of transport and containers. Using analytical models for three scenarios – only-trucking (no-consolidation), container consolidation and combined container/cargo consolidation – we discuss the conditions under which the consolidation of flows can be beneficial. The results imply that shipment distance and type of cargo are important factors that affect the performance of flow consolidation in port-hinterland logistics.

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Keywords Cargo consolidation, Container transportation, Hinterland transportation, Intermodal transportation, Reefer container
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Journal Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review
Fan, Y, Behdani, B, Bloemhof-Ruwaard, J.M, & Zuidwijk, R.A. (2019). Flow consolidation in hinterland container transport: An analysis for perishable and dry cargo. Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, 130, 128–160. doi:10.1016/j.tre.2019.08.011