School Absenteeism, Health-Related Quality of Life [HRQOL] and Happiness among Young Adults Aged 16-26 Years
This study examines the association between school absenteeism, health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and happiness among young adults aged 16-26 years attending vocational education. Cross-sectional data from a survey among 676 young adults were analyzed. School absenteeism was measured by the self-reported number of sick days in the past eight weeks and hours of truancy in the past four weeks. HRQOL was measured by the 12-item Short Form Health Survey; physical and mental component summary scores were calculated. General happiness was assessed on a scale of 0-10, higher scores indicating greater happiness. Linear regression analyses were performed. The study population had a mean age of 18.5 years (SD 2.2); 26.1% were boys. Young adults with ≥5 sick days or ≥6 h of truancy reported lower mental HRQOL compared to young adults without sickness absence or truancy (p < 0.05). Young adults with 1-4 and ≥5 sick days reported lower physical HRQOL compared to young adults who had not reported to be sick (p < 0.05). Young adults with 1-5 h and ≥6 h of truancy reported higher physical HRQOL compared to young adults who were not truant (p < 0.05). No associations were observed between school absence and happiness. Lower self-reported mental HRQOL was observed among young adults with more school absenteeism due to sickness or truancy. Sickness absence was additionally associated with lower physical HRQOL.
|Keywords||happiness, health-related quality of life, school absence, sickness absence, truancy, vocational education, young adults|
|Persistent URL||dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16183321, hdl.handle.net/1765/119601|
|Journal||International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health|
van den Toren, S.J. (Suzanne J.), van Grieken, A, Mulder, W.C. (Wico C.), Vanneste, Y.T. (Yvonne Tm), Lugtenberg, M, de Kroon, M.L.A, … Raat, H. (2019). School Absenteeism, Health-Related Quality of Life [HRQOL] and Happiness among Young Adults Aged 16-26 Years. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(18). doi:10.3390/ijerph16183321