Systematic Surgical Assessment of Deceased-Donor Kidneys as a Predictor of Short-Term Transplant Outcomes
Background: Short-term kidney graft dysfunction is correlated with complications and it is associated with a decreased long-term survival; therefore, a scoring system to predict short-term renal transplant outcomes is warranted. Aim: The aim of this study is to quantify the impression of the organ procurement surgeon in correlation with the following kidney transplant outcomes: immediate graft function (IGF), delayed graft function (DGF), and primary nonfunction (PNF). Results are compared to factors associated with the 1-year outcome. Methods: A regional prospective pilot study was performed using deceased-donor organ assessment forms to be filled out by procurement surgeons after procurement. Data were gathered on kidney temperature, perfusion, anatomy, atherosclerosis, and overall quality. Results: Included were 90 donors who donated 178 kidneys, 166 of which were transplanted. Variables that were significantly more prevalent in the DGF-or-PNF group (n = 65) are: large kidney size (length, p = 0.008; width, p = 0.036), poor perfusion quality (p = 0.037), lower diuresis (p = 0.039), fewer hypotensive episodes (p = 0.003), and donation-after-circulatory-death donors (p = 0.017). Multivariable analysis showed that perfusion quality and kidney width significantly predicted the short-term outcome. However multivariable analysis of long-term outcomes showed that the first measured donor creatinine, kidney donor risk index, IGF vs. DGF+PNG, and kidney length predicted outcomes. Conclusions: Results show that short-term graft function and 1-year graft function indeed are influenced by different variables. DGF and PNF occur more frequently in kidneys with poor perfusion and in larger kidneys. A plausible explanation for this is that these kidneys might be insufficiently washed out, or even congested, which may predispose to DGF. These kidneys would probably benefit most from reconditioning strategies, such as machine perfusion. A scoring system including these variables might aid in decision-making towards allocation and potential reconditioning strategies.
|Keywords||Organ retrieval · Deceased donor kidney transplantation · Surgical expertise · Organ assessment · Graft function|
|Persistent URL||dx.doi.org/10.1159/000501602, hdl.handle.net/1765/119633|
|Journal||European Surgical Research: clinical and experimental surgery|
Tierie, E.L. (Elise L.), Roodnat, J.I, & Dor, F.J.M.F. (2019). Systematic Surgical Assessment of Deceased-Donor Kidneys as a Predictor of Short-Term Transplant Outcomes. European Surgical Research: clinical and experimental surgery. doi:10.1159/000501602