When inspiration does not fit the bill: Charismatic leadership reduces performance in a team crisis for followers high in self-direction
We extend charismatic leadership research by identifying conditions under which charismatic leadership reduces individual performance. Previous research found a positive impact of charismatic leadership, especially in crisis situations. However, we expect that followers with high self-determination reject charismatic leadership so that performance is reduced. In a laboratory experiment built as a brainstorming competition, 88 participants were randomly assigned to a condition with a team crisis or a control condition. Half of the participants received a charismatic leadership intervention after the crisis, which led to the ostentatious departure of a group member, while the other half was led laissez-faire. The results support our hypotheses. Although charismatic leadership was overall beneficial in a team crisis, our study provides experimental evidence of how charismatic leadership reduces the performance of certain team members in crises. Future research should investigate how leadership can best meet the specific needs of followers in different types of critical team situations.
|Keywords||leadership, leadership theories, personality, teams and teamwork|
|Persistent URL||dx.doi.org/10.1017/jmo.2019.64, hdl.handle.net/1765/119657|
|Journal||Journal of Management and Organization|
Wegge, J, Jungbauer, K.-L. (Kevin-Lim), & Shemla, M. (2019). When inspiration does not fit the bill: Charismatic leadership reduces performance in a team crisis for followers high in self-direction. Journal of Management and Organization. doi:10.1017/jmo.2019.64