Objective: The aim of this study was to apply an innovative methodology to incident dark-field (IDF) imaging in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) patients for the identification and quantification of rolling leukocytes along the sublingual microcirculatory endothelium. Methods: This study was a post hoc analysis of a prospective study that evaluated the perioperative course of the sublingual microcirculation in CABG patients. Video images were captured using IDF imaging following the induction of anesthesia (T0) and cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) (T1) in 10 patients. Rolling leukocytes were identified and quantified using frame averaging, which is a technique that was developed for correctly identifying leukocytes. Results: The number of rolling leukocytes increased significantly from T0 (7.5 [6.4-9.1] leukocytes/capillary-postcapillary venule/4 s) to T1 (14.8 [13.2-15.5] leukocytes/capillary-postcapillary venule/4 s) (p < 0.0001). A significant increase in systemic leukocyte count was also detected from 7.4 ± 0.9 × 109/L (preoperative) to 12.4 ± 4.4 × 109/L (postoperative) (p < 0.01). Conclusion: The ability to directly visualize leukocyte-endothelium interaction using IDF imaging facilitates the diagnosis of a systemic inflammatory response after CPB via the identification of rolling leukocytes. Integration of the frame averaging algorithm into the software of handheld vital microscopes may enable the use of microcirculatory leukocyte count as a real-time parameter at the bedside.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Sublingual microcirculation · Leukocytes · Cardiac surgery ·, Incident dark-field imaging · Frame averaging
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1159/000501826, hdl.handle.net/1765/119731
Journal Journal of Vascular Research
Uz, Z. (Zühre), Aykut, G. (Güçlü), Massey, M. (Michael), Ince, Y, Ergin, B, Shen, L. (Lucinda), … Ince, C. (Can). (2019). Leukocyte-Endothelium Interaction in the Sublingual Microcirculation of Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Patients. Journal of Vascular Research. doi:10.1159/000501826