INTRODUCTION: Nonfocal transient neurological attacks (TNAs) are associated with an increased risk of cardiac events, stroke and dementia. Their etiology is still unknown. Global cerebral hypoperfusion has been suggested to play a role in their etiology, but this has not been investigated. We assessed whether lower total brain perfusion is associated with a higher occurrence of TNAs. METHODS: Between 2015 and 2018, patients with heart failure were included in the Heart Brain Connection study. Patients underwent brain magnetic resonance imaging, including quantitative magnetic resonance angiography (QMRA) to measure cerebral blood flow (CBF). We calculated total brain perfusion of each participant by dividing total CBF by brain volume. Patients were interviewed with a standardized questionnaire on the occurrence of TNAs by physicians who were blinded to QMRA flow status. We assessed the relation between total brain perfusion and the occurrence of TNAs with Poisson regression analysis. RESULTS: Of 136 patients (mean age 70 years, 68% men), 29 (21%) experienced ≥1 TNAs. Nonrotatory dizziness was the most common subtype of TNA. Patients with TNAs were more often female and more often had angina pectoris than patients without TNAs, but total CBF and total brain perfusion were not different between both groups. Total brain perfusion was not associated with the occurrence of TNAs (adjusted risk ratio 1.12, 95% CI 0.88-1.42). CONCLUSION: We found no association between total brain perfusion and the occurrence of TNAs in patients with heart failure.

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Keywords Cerebral perfusion, Heart failure, Nonfocal transient neurological attacks, Quantitative magnetic resonance angiography
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Journal Cerebrovascular Diseases
Oudeman, E.A. (Eline A.), Bron, E.E, van den Berg-Vos, R.M, Greving, J.P, Biessels, G.J, Klijn, C.J.M, & Kappelle, L.J. (2019). Cerebral Perfusion and the Occurrence of Nonfocal Transient Neurological Attacks. Cerebrovascular Diseases, 47(5-6), 303–308. doi:10.1159/000502334