Paul Samuelson’s widely quoted deprecatory remarks about female economists are discussed in the context of his having been one of the earliest economists to emphasize the problem of gender and racial discrimination in his textbook. Reference is made both to his published analyses of discrimination, in his textbook and elsewhere, and to archival materials on his interactions with female economists, including testimonials he wrote on their behalf. His attitudes appear paradoxical in that he emphasized the problem of discrimination and was very supportive of women but this did not lead him to challenge some of the attitudes he held about women in general.

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Keywords Samuelson, gender, women, discrimination
JEL History of Economic Thought since 1925: General (jel B20), Individuals (jel B31), Feminist Economics (jel B54), Distribution: General (jel D30)
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Journal European Journal of the History of Economic Thought
Backhouse, R.E, & Cherrier, B. (2019). Paul Samuelson, gender bias and discrimination. European Journal of the History of Economic Thought. doi:10.1080/09672567.2019.1632366