It is well known that embryo implantation is a critical process in which embryo should be able to reach and attach to endometrium. Until now, various types of factors are involved in the regulation of this process. S100 proteins are calcium-binding proteins, which have vital roles in embryo implantation and have been considered as possible candidate markers for endometrial receptivity. However, studies regarding mode of actions of these proteins are scarce and more mechanistic insights are needed to clarify exact roles of each one of the S100 protein family. Understanding of function of these proteins in different compartments, stages, and phases of endometrium, could pave the way for conducting studies regarding the therapeutic significance of these proteins in some disorders such as recurrent implantation failure. In this review, we outlined roles and possible underlying mechanisms of S100 protein family in embryo implantation.

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Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Sadigh, A.R. (Aydin Raei), Mihanfar, A. (Aynaz), Fattahi, A. (Amir), Latifi, Z. (Zeinab), Akbarzadeh, M., Hajipour, H. (Hamed), … Nouri, M. (Mohammad). (2019). S100 protein family and embryo implantation. Journal of Cellular Biochemistry, 120(12), 19229–19244. doi:10.1002/jcb.29261