Over the past decade or so, developments in language comprehension research in the domain of cognitive aging have converged on support for resilience in older adults with regard to situation model updating when reading texts. Several studies have shown that even though age-related declines in language comprehension appear at the level of the surface form and text base of the text, these age differences do not apply to the creation and updating of situation models. In fact, older adults seem more sensitive to certain manipulations of situation model updating. This article presents a review of theories on situation model updating as well how they match with research on situation model updating in younger and older adults. Factors that may be responsible for the resilience of language comprehension in older age will be discussed as well as avenues for future research.

cognitive aging, Situation model, text comprehension
dx.doi.org/10.1177/0165025419874125, hdl.handle.net/1765/120435
International Journal of Behavioral Development
Erasmus University Rotterdam

Hoeben Mannaert, L.N, & Dijkstra, K. (Katinka). (2019). Situation model updating in young and older adults. International Journal of Behavioral Development. doi:10.1177/0165025419874125