Abstract Background: The interpretation of the presence of AR-V7 in circulating tumour cells (CTCs) in men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) remains to be elucidated. AR-V7 may hold promise as a predictive biomarker, but there may be prognostic impact of AR-V7 positivity as well. To investigate the clinical value of AR-V7, we determined whether AR-V7 detection in CTCs in patients with mCRPC is associated with CTC counts and survival. Methods: Between December 2011 and January 2019, three prospective clinical trials collected clinical data of patients with mCRPC, who progressed after docetaxel and/or enzalutamide or abiraterone. Baseline (and follow-up) blood samples were withdrawn determining CTC count and AR-V7 expression. The majority of patients started cabazitaxel as the next line of treatment after AR-V7 characterisation. Results: A total of 127 samples were evaluable for the analysis of CTC count versus AR-V7 status. Although an association was observed between AR-V7 and CTC count in all patients with mCRPC (p Z 0.017), no such association was found in the prognostic unfavourable subgroup of patients with 5 CTCs. After adjusting for clinical prognostic factors, AR-V7 expression in CTCs was not associated with overall survival (hazard ratio Z 1.33, 95% confidence interval Z 0.81e2.15, p Z 0.25). Conclusion: We found that AR-V7 expression in CTCs had no additional prognostic value in patients with mCRPC, mostly treated with cabazitaxel. In patients with mCRPC with a predefined worse prognosis of a higher CTC count (5), a predictive biomarker is an important unmet medical need. Prospective trials should investigate whether AR-V7 detection in CTCs may guide treatment selection for these adverse prognosis patients.

Additional Metadata
Keywords AR-V7, Metastatic castrationresistant prostate cancer, Biomarker, Circulating tumour cells
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejca.2019.08.005, hdl.handle.net/1765/120513
Journal European Journal of Cancer
Citation
Belderbos, B.P.S.I., Sieuwerts, A.M, Oomen - de Hoop, E, Mostert, B, Kraan, J, Hamberg, A.P, … Lolkema, M.P.J.K. (2019). Associations between AR-V7 status in circulating tumour cells, circulating tumour cell count and survival in men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. European Journal of Cancer, 121, 48–54. doi:10.1016/j.ejca.2019.08.005