Background: Data about the use and effectiveness of targeted therapy in metastatic small bowel adenocarcinoma (SBA) are scarce. Objective: The aim of this population-based study was to obtain insights into the use and effectiveness of targeted therapy in patients with synchronous metastases of SBA. Patients and methods: Data were retrieved from the Netherlands Cancer Registry. Patients treated with palliative chemotherapy and/or targeted therapy for synchronous metastatic SBA between 2007 and 2016 were included (n = 187). Differences in treatment and the subsequent effects on overall survival (OS) were evaluated. Results: In first-line treatment, 25 patients (13%) received additional targeted therapy, exclusively bevacizumab, and mostly in combination with CAPOX/FOLFOX (n = 24). A primary ileal tumour was predictive for receiving bevacizumab in first-line treatment (odds ratio 3.2, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.06–9.93). Median OS for patients in whom bevacizumab was added to first-line chemotherapy was 9.3 months, compared to 9.1 months with chemotherapy only (p = 0.85). Median OS for patients receiving first-line treatment only was 8.5 months with and 6.4 months without the addition of bevacizumab, respectively (p = 0.54). In multivariable survival analyses, the addition of bevacizumab was no prognostic factor (hazard ratio 1.01, 95% CI 0.65–1.59). Conclusions: Bevacizumab was the only prescribed targeted therapy in first-line treatment. Considering the limited number of patients receiving first-line bevacizumab and the unknown reasons to prescribe additional targeted therapy, the corresponding survival rates of patients treated with and without additional bevacizumab in first-line treatment might suggest a limited clinical effect of bevacizumab in addition to first-line palliative chemotherapy on OS. Future research should focus on identifying the subgroup of patients who might benefit OR benefiting from anti-VEGF therapy in metastatic SBA.,
Targeted Oncology
Department of Public Health

Legué, L., van Erning, F., Bernards, N., Lemmens, V., de Hingh, I., & Creemers, G.-J. (2019). Addition of Bevacizumab to First-Line Palliative Chemotherapy in Patients with Metastatic Small Bowel Adenocarcinoma: A Population-Based Study. Targeted Oncology. doi:10.1007/s11523-019-00681-1