Measuring the Effectiveness of Safety Warnings on the Risk of Stroke in Older Antipsychotic Users: A Nationwide Cohort Study in Two Large Electronic Medical Records Databases in the United Kingdom and Italy
Introduction: Safety warnings relating to antipsychotic-associated stroke among older persons in the UK and Italy were issued. However, the impact of these safety warnings on stroke risk has not been measured to date. Objective: The aim of this study was to measure the change in stroke incidence after two safety warnings in both the UK and Italy. Method: A cohort study was conducted using electronic medical records representative of the UK (The Health Improvement Network) and Italy (Health Search—IQVIA Health LPD), containing data on 11 million and 1 million patients, respectively. After each drug safety warning, elderly antipsychotic new initiators were propensity-score matched 1:1:1 on antipsychotic initiators before any safety warning. Stroke incidence within 6 months of antipsychotic initiation, using an intention-to-treat approach, was the main outcome. Results: In the UK and Italy, 6342 and 7587 elderly antipsychotic initiators were identified, respectively. A 42% stroke incidence reduction was seen in the UK after the first safety warning [42.3 (95% confidence interval (CI) 35.2–50.8) vs. 24.4 [95% CI 19.0–31.2] events per 1000 person-years (PYs)], while there was a 60% stroke incidence reduction after the second warning (16.9 [95% CI 12.2–23.4] events per 1000 PYs) compared to before the first warning. There was no significant reduction in stroke incidence in Italy. Conclusion: Antipsychotic safety warnings were followed by a reduction in stroke incidence among older antipsychotic users in the UK, but not Italy.
|Persistent URL||dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40264-019-00860-z, hdl.handle.net/1765/120625|
Sultana, J, Fontana, A, Giorgianni, F, Tillati, S. (Silvia), Cricelli, C, Pasqua, A, … Trifirò, G. (2019). Measuring the Effectiveness of Safety Warnings on the Risk of Stroke in Older Antipsychotic Users: A Nationwide Cohort Study in Two Large Electronic Medical Records Databases in the United Kingdom and Italy. Drug Safety. doi:10.1007/s40264-019-00860-z