A multilevel analysis of perceived intergenerational mobility and welfare state preferences
Previous scholarship suggests that the effect of perceived intergenerational mobility on attitudes related to social justice, inequality and redistribution is more salient than the effect of individuals’ objective intergenerational mobility. However, virtually no studies have attempted to link individuals’ perception of experiencing intergenerational mobility and their support for different welfare state programmes. In my study using nationally representative and comparative survey data for 33 Western European welfare democracies and post-socialist transition societies, I found that perceived intergenerational mobility is associated with support for certain welfare state programmes. Results from multilevel linear probability models indicate that subjectively downwardly mobile individuals are less likely to support education and healthcare expenditure and more likely to prefer targeted assistance of the poor, while subjectively upwardly mobile individuals oppose extra spending on housing and old-age pensions. The described associations are more vividly manifested in post-socialist societies than in the analysed Western European democracies.
|Keywords||subjective intergenerational mobility, welfare state attitudes, education, healthcare, pensions, housing, life in transition survey|
|Persistent URL||dx.doi.org/10.1111/ijsw.12316, hdl.handle.net/1765/120667|
|Journal||International Journal of Social Welfare|
Gugushvili, A. (2018). A multilevel analysis of perceived intergenerational mobility and welfare state preferences. International Journal of Social Welfare, 28, 16–30. doi:10.1111/ijsw.12316