Objective: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is often diagnosed in women in their reproductive years of life and therefore children are born to mothers with IBD. Health outcomes of children born to mothers with IBD seem favorable. However, little is known about the quality of life related to their health compared to children born to healthy mothers. Therefore, our first objective was to investigate the effect of having IBD during pregnancy on the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of children born to mothers with IBD in the first 5 years of age compared to children born to healthy mothers. Secondly, we studied the effect of the different IBD related factors on the HRQoL. Methods: We prospectively followed 264 women with IBD, who visited the preconception outpatient clinic at our tertiary health center in the Netherlands from April 2013 through November 2016. Women of children aged 1–5 years were approached to fill in a 43-item validated TNO-AZL Preschool Children Quality of Life questionnaire (TAPQOL) to assess HRQoL (Fekkes et al., 2000; Bunge et al., 2005 [1,2]). Outcomes were compared to children of mothers without IBD. Results: One-hundred-eighty-two women completed the TAPQOL questionnaire. In total 182 children of mothers with IBD were included [median age 3.0 years (IQR 2–4)]. From 70 healthy mothers, 70 children were included as controls. There was no significant difference in the HRQoL between children who were and were not born to mothers with IBD (P = .18). Also, no effect of the different IBD related factors was found. Conclusion: In this study, we found no effect of having IBD during pregnancy on the health-related quality of life of children in the first 5 years of life.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Health-related quality of life, Inflammatory bowel disease, Pregnancy
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychores.2019.109840, hdl.handle.net/1765/120747
Journal Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Citation
van der Giessen, J. (Janine), Wieringa, J.W, Kanis, S.L, & van der Woude, C.J. (2019). Health-related quality of life in the first 5 years of the children born to mothers with IBD does not differ from children born to healthy mothers. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 127. doi:10.1016/j.jpsychores.2019.109840