We describe an exceptionally rare case of a male patient with newly diagnosed advanced human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, who presented with a plasmablastic lymphoma involving the right maxillary alveolar ridge with associated cervical lymphadenopathy. On a staging positron emission tomography computed tomography (PET-CT) scan, he was incidentally found to have an endotracheal tumour involving the anterolateral aspect of the mid-trachea. The tumour appeared to be well-vascularised at bronchoscopy and was confirmed as well-differentiated plasmablastic lymphoma. Plasmablastic lymphoma is a rare form of non-Hodgkin lymphoma and is associated with HIV. Tracheal involvement to the extent seen in our patient is exceptionally rare, and, to the best of our knowledge, has never been described.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Endotracheal tumour, PET-CT scan, Plasmablastic lymphoma
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1159/000503586, hdl.handle.net/1765/120923
Journal Respiration (English Edition)
Bots, E.M.T, Opperman, J. (Johan), Bassa, F. (Fatima), & Koegelenberg, C.F.N. (Coenraad F.N.). (2019). An Endotracheal Plasmablastic Lymphoma. Respiration (English Edition). doi:10.1159/000503586