We describe an exceptionally rare case of a male patient with newly diagnosed advanced human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, who presented with a plasmablastic lymphoma involving the right maxillary alveolar ridge with associated cervical lymphadenopathy. On a staging positron emission tomography computed tomography (PET-CT) scan, he was incidentally found to have an endotracheal tumour involving the anterolateral aspect of the mid-trachea. The tumour appeared to be well-vascularised at bronchoscopy and was confirmed as well-differentiated plasmablastic lymphoma. Plasmablastic lymphoma is a rare form of non-Hodgkin lymphoma and is associated with HIV. Tracheal involvement to the extent seen in our patient is exceptionally rare, and, to the best of our knowledge, has never been described.

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doi.org/10.1159/000503586, hdl.handle.net/1765/120923
Respiration (English Edition)
Department of Pulmonology

Bots, E., Opperman, J. (Johan), Bassa, F. (Fatima), & Koegelenberg, C.F.N. (Coenraad F.N.). (2019). An Endotracheal Plasmablastic Lymphoma. Respiration (English Edition). doi:10.1159/000503586