Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy of coil embolization to obtain intrahepatic redistribution in patients undergoing radioembolization. Materials and Method: All patients treated with radioembolization at our institute were retrospectively analyzed, and all cases in which a tumor-feeding vessel was coil-embolized were selected. Two nuclear medicine physicians visually assessed the effect of redistribution. Furthermore, the redistribution of microspheres was measured by quantifying the activity distributed to the coil-embolized (dependent) segment relative to the other (non-dependent) segments and to the tumor(s) in that segment. Quantitative analysis was performed on post-treatment 90Y-PET and 166Ho-SPECT using Simplicit90Y software. Lesion response was measured according to RECIST 1.1 criteria at 3 months post-treatment. Results: Out of 37 cases, 32 were suitable for quantitative analysis and 37 for qualitative analysis. In the qualitative analysis, redistribution was deemed successful in 69% of cases. The quantitative analysis showed that the median ratio of the activity to the dependent embolized segments and the non-dependent segments was 0.88 (range 0.26–2.05) and 0.80 (range 0.19–1.62) for tumors in dependent segments compared with tumors in non-dependent segments. Using a cutoff ratio of 0.7 (30% lower activity concentration in comparison with the rest of the liver), 57% of cases were successful. At 3 months post-treatment, 6% of dependent tumors had partial response, 20% progressive disease, and 74% stable disease. In non-dependent tumors, this was, respectively, 16%, 20%, and 64%. Conclusion: Coil embolization of hepatic arteries to induce redistribution of microspheres has a limited success rate. Qualitative assessment tends to overrate redistribution.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Intrahepatic redistribution, Quantitative analysis, Transarterial radioembolization
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00270-019-02351-1, hdl.handle.net/1765/120948
Journal CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology
Citation
Alsultan, A.A. (Ahmed A.), van Roekel, C. (Caren), Barentsz, M.W. (Maarten W.), Braat, A.J.A.T. (Arthur J. A. T.), van Doormaal, P.J. (Pieter Jan), Lam, M.G.E.H. (Marnix G. E. H.), & Smits, M.L.J. (Maarten L. J.). (2019). The Efficacy of Coil Embolization to Obtain Intrahepatic Redistribution in Radioembolization: Qualitative and Quantitative Analyses. CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology. doi:10.1007/s00270-019-02351-1