Background Most parents with young children pay routine visits to Well-Baby Clinics, or so-called Preventive Child Health Care (PCHC) services. This offers a unique opportunity to promote and deliver interconception care. This study aimed to integrate such care and perform an implementation evaluation. Methods In seven Dutch municipalities, PCHC professionals were instructed to discuss the possibility of an interconception care consultation during each routine six-months well-baby visit. The primary outcome of this study was coverage of the intervention, quantified as the proportion of visits during which women were informed about interconception care. Secondary outcomes included adoption, fidelity, feasibility, appropriateness, acceptability and effectiveness of the intervention, studied by surveying PCHC professionals and women considering becoming pregnant. Results The possibility of interconception care was discussed during 29% (n = 1,849) of all visits, and 60% of the PCHC physicians adopted the promotion of interconception care by regularly informing women. About half of the PCHC professionals and most women judged integration of interconception care in PCHC appropriate and acceptable. Estimated feasibility was poor, since 13% of the professionals judged future integration in daily practice as probable. The uptake of interconception care consultations was low (n = 4 consultations). Conclusions Promotion of interconception care was achieved in approximately one-third of the routine PCHC consultations and appeared promising with regards to adoption, appropriateness and acceptability. However, concerns on feasibility and uptake of interconception care consultations in daily practice remain. Suggestions for improvement may include further integration of interconception care health promotion in routine PCHC consultations, while allocating sufficient resources.

Additional Metadata
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0224427, hdl.handle.net/1765/121015
Journal PLoS ONE
Citation
Sijpkens, M.K, Lagendijk, J, Van Minde, M.R.C. (Minke R.C.), de Kroon, M.L.A, Bertens, L.C.M, Rosman, A.N, & Steegers, E.A.P. (2019). Integrating interconception care in preventive child health care services: The Healthy Pregnancy 4 All program. PLoS ONE, 14(11). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0224427