Differential impact of severe familial hypercholesterolemia on regional skeletal muscle and organ blood flows during exercise: Effects of PDE5 inhibition
Objective: Swine with familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) exhibit attenuated exer‐ cise‐induced systemic vasodilation that is restored by phosphodiesterase 5 (PDE5) inhibition. Whether the impacts of FH and PDE5 inhibition to impair and restore ex‐ ercise‐induced vasodilation, respectively, results from tissue‐specific or generalized effects remains unclear. Thus, we hypothesized that FH induces generalized impair‐ ment of skeletal muscle vasodilation that would be alleviated by PDE5 inhibition. Methods: Systemic vascular responses to exercise were assessed in chronically in‐ strumented normal and FH swine before and after PDE5 inhibition with EMD360527. Skeletal muscle and organ blood flows and conductances were determined via the microsphere technique. Results: As previously reported, vs normal swine, FH swine have pronounced eleva‐ tion of total cholesterol and impaired exercise‐induced vasodilation that is restored by PDE5 inhibition. Blood flows to several, not all, skeletal muscle vascular beds were severely impaired by FH associated with reduced blood flow to many visceral organs. PDE5 inhibition differentially impacted skeletal muscle and organ blood flows in nor‐ mal and FH swine. Conclusions: These data indicate that FH induces regional, not generalized, vasomo‐ tor dysfunction and that FH and normal swine exhibit unique tissue blood flow re‐ sponses to PDE5 inhibition thereby adding to accumulating evidence of vascular bed‐specific dysfunction in co‐morbid conditions.
|Keywords||hyperlipidemia, microsphere infusion, phosphodiesterase 5 inhibition, swine|
|Persistent URL||dx.doi.org/10.1111/micc.12539, hdl.handle.net/1765/121019|
Aragonez, C.G., de Beer, V.J., Tharp, D.L, Bowles, D.K, Laughlin, M.H, Merkus, D, … Bender, S.B. (2019). Differential impact of severe familial hypercholesterolemia on regional skeletal muscle and organ blood flows during exercise: Effects of PDE5 inhibition. Microcirculation, 26(6). doi:10.1111/micc.12539