Objectives We explored the anatomical, plaque, and hemodynamic characteristics of high-risk non-obstructive coronary lesions that caused acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Methods From the EMERALD study which included ACS patients with available coronary CT angiography (CCTA) before the ACS, non-obstructive lesions (percent diameter stenosis < 50%) were selected. CCTA images were analyzed for lesion characteristics by independent CCTA and computational fluid dynamics core laboratories. The relative importance of each characteristic was assessed by information gain. Results Of the 132 lesions, 24 were the culprit for ACS. The culprit lesions showed a larger change in FFRCT across the lesion (ΔFFRCT) than non-culprit lesions (0.08 ± 0.07 vs 0.05 ± 0.05, p = 0.012). ΔFFRCT showed the highest information gain (0.051, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.050–0.052), followed by low-attenuation plaque (0.028, 95% CI 0.027–0.029) and plaque volume (0.023, 95% CI 0.022–0.024). Lesions with higher ΔFFRCT or low-attenuation plaque showed an increased risk of ACS (hazard ratio [HR] 3.25, 95% CI 1.31–8.04, p = 0.010 for ΔFFRCT; HR 2.60, 95% CI 1.36–4.95, p = 0.004 for lowattenuation plaque). The prediction model including ΔFFRCT, low-attenuation plaque and plaque volume showed the highest ability in ACS prediction (AUC 0.725, 95% CI 0.724–0.727). Conclusion Non-obstructive lesions with higher ΔFFRCT or low-attenuation plaque showed a higher risk of ACS. The integration of anatomical, plaque, and hemodynamic characteristics can improve the noninvasive prediction of ACS risk in non-obstructive lesions

Additional Metadata
Keywords Plaque, atherosclerotic . Acute coronary syndrome . Coronary stenosis . Hemodynamics . Computed tomography angiography
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00330-019-06221-9, hdl.handle.net/1765/121045
Journal European Radiology: journal of the European Congress of Radiology
Citation
Park, J, Lee, JM, Koo, B.K., Choi, G, Hwang, D., Rhee, T.M., … Taylor, C.A. (2019). Relevance of anatomical, plaque, and hemodynamic characteristics of non-obstructive coronary lesions in the prediction of risk for acute coronary syndrome. European Radiology: journal of the European Congress of Radiology, 29(11), 6119–6128. doi:10.1007/s00330-019-06221-9