risk of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) and death. The impact of lipid lowering by proprotein convertase subtilisin–kexin type 9 inhibition in such patients is undetermined. OBJECTIVES This pre-specified analysis from ODYSSEY OUTCOMES (Evaluation of Cardiovascular Outcomes After an Acute Coronary Syndrome During Treatment With Alirocumab) determined whether polyvascular disease influenced risks of MACEs and death and their modification by alirocumab in patients with recent ACS and dyslipidemia despite intensive statin therapy. METHODS Patients were randomized to alirocumab or placebo 1 to 12 months after ACS. The primary MACEs endpoint was the composite of coronary heart disease death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, fatal or nonfatal ischemic stroke, or unstable angina requiring hospitalization. All-cause death was a secondary endpoint. RESULTS Median follow-up was 2.8 years. Of 18,924 patients, 17,370 had monovascular (coronary) disease, 1,405 had polyvascular disease in 2 beds (coronary and peripheral artery or cerebrovascular), and 149 had polyvascular disease in 3 beds (coronary, peripheral artery, cerebrovascular). With placebo, the incidence of MACEs by respective vascular categories was 10.0%, 22.2%, and 39.7%. With alirocumab, the corresponding absolute risk reduction was 1.4% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.6% to 2.3%), 1.9% (95% CI: 2.4% to 6.2%), and 13.0% (95% CI: 2.0% to 28.0%). With placebo, the incidence of death by respective vascular categories was 3.5%, 10.0%, and 21.8%; the absolute risk reduction with alirocumab was 0.4% (95% CI: 0.1% to 1.0%), 1.3% (95% CI: 1.8% to 4.3%), and 16.2% (95% CI: 5.5% to 26.8%). CONCLUSIONS In patients with recent ACS and dyslipidemia despite intensive statin therapy, polyvascular disease is associated with high risks of MACEs and death. The large absolute reductions in those risks with alirocumab are a potential benefit for these patients. (Evaluation of Cardiovascular Outcomes After an Acute Coronary Syndrome During Treatment With Alirocumab [ODYSSEY OUTCOMES]: NCT01663402) (J Am Coll Cardiol 2019;74:1167–76) © 2019 The Authors. Published by Elsevier on behalf of the American College of Cardiology Foundation.

Additional Metadata
Keywords acute coronary syndrome, alirocumab, cerebrovascular disease, death, major adverse cardiac events, peripheral artery disease
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jacc.2019.03.013, hdl.handle.net/1765/121070
Journal Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Citation
Jukeme, J.W, Szarek, M., Zijlstra, LE, de Silva, H.A., Bhatt, D.L, & Bittner, V.A. (2019). Alirocumab in Patients With Polyvascular Disease and Recent Acute Coronary Syndrome ODYSSEY OUTCOMES Trial. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 74(9), 1167–1176. doi:10.1016/j.jacc.2019.03.013