Low-flow mediated constriction as a marker of endothelial function in healthy pregnancy and preeclampsia: A pilot study
Objectives: Overwhelming clinical evidence exists on disturbed vascular and endothelial function in the pathophysiology of preeclampsia (PE). In a non-pregnant (NP) population, L-FMC (low-flow mediated constriction) provides insight in the ‘resting’ endothelial capacity in contrast to the gold standard of flow mediated dilatation (FMD), reflecting endothelial nitric oxide bioavailability. Study design: Longitudinal follow-up of 100 healthy pregnant (HP) women, 33 PE women and 16 NP controls with non-invasive vascular assessments. HP women were evaluated at 12 and 35 weeks of gestation and at 6 months postpartum. PE patients were assessed at diagnosis (mean 30 weeks) and 6 months postpartum. Main outcome measures. Endothelial function (L-FMC, FMD, peripheral arterial tonometry (PAT)) and arterial stiffness (pulse wave velocity (PWV) and analysis (PWA)) were measured at the different visits and compared between groups. Results: Overall endothelial dysfunction is present in PE (FMD HP 9.09 ± 4.20 vs PE 5.21 ± 4.47, p = 0.0004; L-FMC HP −1.90 ± 2.66 vs PE −0.40 ± 2.09, p = 0.03). L-FMC gradually elevates during the course of a HP (1st trim −0.31 ± 1.75 vs 3rd trim −1.97 ± 3.02, p < 0.0001) and is present in 85% of women in the third trimester. In NP, only 27% of women has L-FMC. In PE, L-FMC is present in 50% of cases. Arterial stiffness is increased in PE (all p < 0.0001). There is no correlation between L-FMC and other markers of vascular function (p > 0.05). Conclusion: PE is characterized by dysfunction of both resting and recruitable endothelial capacity. This study offers new insights in different aspects of endothelial function in pregnancy, since L-FMC reflects an adaptation in HP that is absent in PE.
|Keywords||Endothelial function, Preeclampsia, Flow mediated dilatation, Low-flow mediated constriction, Arterial stiffness|
|Persistent URL||dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.preghy.2019.02.001, hdl.handle.net/1765/121092|
Mannaerts, D., Faes, E., Cornette, J.M.J, Gyselaers, W, Spaanderman, M, Goovaerts, I., … Van Craenenbroeck, EM. (2019). Low-flow mediated constriction as a marker of endothelial function in healthy pregnancy and preeclampsia: A pilot study. Pregnancy Hypertension, 17, 75–81. doi:10.1016/j.preghy.2019.02.001