Articulates the main trends in the literature on corporate identity; defines corporate identity; explains the rationale for corporate identity management and describes the main methods used to reveal the desired and the actual corporate identity. Particular reference will be made to two recently developed models used to reveal an organization's identity: Balmer's Affinity Audit (BAA) and The Rotterdam Organizational Identification Test (ROIT). Concludes that while empirical research on the area will increasingly be multidisciplinary marketing will, nonetheless, play a pivotal role in an understanding of corporate identity.

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ERIM Article Series (EAS)
European Journal of Marketing
Erasmus Research Institute of Management

van Riel, C., & Balmer, J. (1997). Corporate identity: The concept, its measurement and management. European Journal of Marketing, 340–355. Retrieved from