Background: Timing of dental development might help orthodontists to optimize initiation of treatment and to prevent and intercept dental misalignment. This study examines the association between timing of dental development and aberrant dental traits such as crowding, impaction, and hypodontia. Methods: This study was performed using 4446 ten-year-old children from a multiethnic birth cohort, the Generation R Study. Dental development was defined using the Demirjian method. Crowding, impaction, and hypodontia were ascertained from 2D and 3D pictures and radiographs. We built three series of logistic regression models to test the associations of dental age with crowding, impaction, and hypodontia. Similar models were built to investigate the associations of the developmental stages of each left mandibular tooth with crowding, impaction, and hypodontia. Results: Inverse associations were found between every 1-year increase in dental age and the presence of crowding [odds ratio (OR) = 0.84, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.79, 0.89], impaction of teeth (OR = 0.66, 95% CI: 0.52, 0.84), and hypodontia (OR = 0.52, 95% CI: 0.47, 0.56). Lower developmental stages of the second premolar were associated with the presence of crowding (OR = 0.90, 95% CI: 0.83, 0.98). Lower developmental stages of the second premolar (OR = 0.88, 95% CI: 0.79, 0.98), first molar (OR = 0.76, 95% CI: 0.65, 0.90), and the second molar (OR = 0.83, 95% CI: 0.73, 0.94) were associated with the presence of tooth impaction. Lower developmental stages of all mandibular teeth except the central incisor were associated with hypodontia (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Accelerated dental development is associated with lower occurrence of crowding, impaction, and hypodontia.,
European Journal of Orthodontics
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

Dhamo, B., Nguee, A.M. (Amanda M.), Ongkosuwito, E., Jaddoe, V., Wolvius, E., & Kragt, L. (2019). The role of accelerated dental development on the occurrence of aberrant dental traits that indicate malocclusion. European Journal of Orthodontics, 41(4), 397–403. doi:10.1093/ejo/cjy073