A single 6-min walk test (6MWT) can be used to identify children with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) with a high risk of death or heart transplantation. To determine if repeated 6MWT has added value in addition to a single 6MWT in predicting death or heart transplantation in children with DCM. Prospective multicenter cohort study including ambulatory DCM patients ≥ 6 years. A 6MWT was performed 1 to 4 times per year. The distance walked was expressed as percentage of predicted (6MWD%). We compared the temporal evolution of 6MWD% in patients with and without the study endpoint (SE: all-cause death or heart transplantation), using a linear mixed effects model. In 57 patients, we obtained a median of 4 (IQR 2–6) 6MWTs per patient during a median of 3.0 years of observation (IQR 1.5–5.1). Fourteen patients reached a SE (3 deaths, 11 heart transplantations). At any time during follow-up, the average estimate of 6MWD% was significantly lower in patients with a SE compared to patients without a SE. In both patients groups, 6MWD% remained constant over time. An absolute 1% lower 6MWD% was associated with an 11% higher risk (hazard) of the SE (HR 0.90, 95% CI 0.86–0.95 p < 0.001). Children with DCM who died or underwent heart transplantation had systematically reduced 6MWD%. The performance of all patients was stable over time, so repeated measurement of 6MWT within this time frame had little added value over a single test.

Additional Metadata
Keywords 6MWT, Dilated cardiomyopathy, Heart failure, Pediatric cardiology, Risk factors
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00246-019-02244-7, hdl.handle.net/1765/121794
Journal Pediatric Cardiology
Citation
van der Meulen, M.H, Boer, S. (Susanna den), Du Marchie Sarvaas, G.J, Blom, N.A, ten Harkel, A.D.J, Breur, H.M.P.J. (Hans M. P. J.), … Dalinghaus, M. (2019). Does Repeated Measurement of a 6-Min Walk Test Contribute to Risk Prediction in Children with Dilated Cardiomyopathy?. Pediatric Cardiology. doi:10.1007/s00246-019-02244-7