Objective: The study objective was to investigate the long-term survival of patients undergoing xenograft versus homograft full root aortic valve replacement. Methods: A total of 166 patients requiring aortic valve surgery were randomized to undergo the Freestyle (Medtronic Inc, Minneapolis, Minn) bioprosthesis (N = 90) or a homograft (N = 76) full root aortic valve replacement between 1997 and 2005 in a single institution. Six patients randomly assigned to the homograft crossed over to the Freestyle bioprosthesis because of the unavailability of suitably sized homografts. All surgeons were required to adhere to the standard surgical technique for homograft root implantation previously described. Follow-up was 98.5% complete. Results: The mean age of the study population was 65 ± 8 years. Coronary artery bypass grafting was associated with root aortic valve replacement in 76 of 166 patients (46%, P = not significant between groups), and overall hospital mortality was 4.8% (8/166, P = not significant between groups). Median follow-up was 13.8 years (range, 0-21.8 years; 2033 patient-years). The Kaplan–Meier survival analysis showed that there was no significant difference in overall survival between the 2 arms at 5, 10, and 15 years. Twenty-year survival was 28.3% ± 5% for the Freestyle group versus 25.1% ± 5.7% for the homograft group (P = .90), which was comparable to the age- and sex-matched UK general population. The freedom from aortic valve reoperation at 20 years was comparable for the Freestyle group versus the homograft group (67.9% ± 8.8% vs 67.2% ± 10.3%, respectively; P = .74). Conclusions: This is the first study to investigate the long-term survival of xenograft versus homograft full root aortic valve replacement from a prospective randomized trial. The observed 20-year overall survival and freedom from aortic valve reoperation serve as a benchmark for future studies on interventions for aortic valve disease in the elderly.

Additional Metadata
Keywords aortic valve surgery, homografts, survival, xenografts
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtcvs.2019.09.119, hdl.handle.net/1765/121899
Journal The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Citation
Melina, G, De Robertis, F. (Fabio), Gaer, J.A. (Jullien A.), Angeloni, E, El-Hamamsy, I, Bahrami, T. (Toufan), … Yacoub, M.H. (2019). Long-term survival after xenograft versus homograft aortic root replacement: Results from a prospective randomized trial. In The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery. doi:10.1016/j.jtcvs.2019.09.119