This study investigated the accuracy, drift, and clinical usefulness of a new optical transcutaneous oxygen tension (tcPO2) measuring technique, combined with a conventional electrochemical transcutaneous carbon dioxide (tcPCO2) measurement and reflectance pulse oximetry in the novel transcutaneous OxiVenT™ Sensor. In vitro gas studies were performed to measure accuracy and drift of tcPO2 and tcPCO2. Clinical usefulness for tcPO2 and tcPCO2 monitoring was assessed in neonates. In healthy adult volunteers, measured oxygen saturation values (SpO2) were compared with arterially sampled oxygen saturation values (SaO2) during controlled hypoxemia. In vitro correlation and agreement with gas mixtures of tcPO2 (r = 0.999, bias 3.0 mm Hg, limits of agreement − 6.6 to 4.9 mm Hg) and tcPCO2 (r = 0.999, bias 0.8 mm Hg, limits of agreement − 0.7 to 2.2 mm Hg) were excellent. In vitro drift was negligible for tcPO2 (0.30 (0.63 SD) mm Hg/24 h) and highly acceptable for tcPCO2 (− 2.53 (1.04 SD) mm Hg/12 h). Clinical use in neonates showed good usability and feasibility. SpO2-SaO2 correlation (r = 0.979) and agreement (bias 0.13%, limits of agreement − 3.95 to 4.21%) in healthy adult volunteers were excellent. The investigated combined tcPO2, tcPCO2, and SpO2 sensor with a new oxygen fluorescence quenching technique is clinically usable and provides good overall accuracy and negligible tcPO2 drift. Accurate and low-drift tcPO2 monitoring offers improved measurement validity for long-term monitoring of blood and tissue oxygenation. [Figure not available: see fulltext.].

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Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing

van Weteringen, W., Goos, T., van Essen, T. (Tanja), Ellenberger, C. (Christoph), Hayoz, J. (Josef), de Jonge, R., … Schumacher, P.M. (Peter M.). (2019). Novel transcutaneous sensor combining optical tcPO2 and electrochemical tcPCO2 monitoring with reflectance pulse oximetry. Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing. doi:10.1007/s11517-019-02067-x