This paper studies the relationship between the change in the unemployment rate and output growth using an approach based on labor market flows. The framework shows why the Okun coefficient may be constant/time varying and/or symmetric/asymmetric and that the outcome depends upon the behavior of the labor flows in response to growth. The encompassing framework nests the conditions to determine the properties of the Okun coefficient without the need to rely on retrospective arbitrary dating of recessions. The framework also highlights the potential misspecification in conventional models of Okun’s Law unless stringent conditions are assumed about the behavior of labor flows. The empirical analysis is based on the stock-consistent labor market flows data developed by the Bureau of Labor Statistics for the period 1990:2–2017:3.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Asymmetry, Labor flows, Time-varying Okun
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00181-019-01794-2, hdl.handle.net/1765/122402
Journal Empirical Economics: a quarterly journal of the Institute for Advanced Studies, Vienna
Citation
Lim, G.C. (G. C.), Dixon, R. (Robert), & van Ours, J.C. (2019). Beyond Okun’s law: output growth and labor market flows. Empirical Economics: a quarterly journal of the Institute for Advanced Studies, Vienna. doi:10.1007/s00181-019-01794-2