Cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) in the lobar and deep locations are associated with two distinct pathologies: cerebral amyloid angiopathy and hypertensive arteriopathy. However, the role of mixed-location CMBs in neurodegeneration remains unexplored. We investigated the associations between strictly lobar, strictly deep and mixed-location CMBs with markers of neurodegeneration. This study recruited 477 patients from a memory clinic who underwent 3T MRI scans. CMBs were categorized into strictly lobar, strictly deep and mixed-location. Cortical thickness, white matter volume and subcortical structural volumes were quantified using Free-Surfer. Linear regression models were performed to assess the association between CMBs and cerebral atrophy, and the mean difference (β) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were reported. In the regression analyses, mixed-location CMBs were associated with smaller cortical thickness of limbic region [β=-0.01; 95% CI=-0.02,-0.00, p=0.007) as well as with smaller accumbens volume [β=-0.01; 95% CI=-0.02,-0.00, p=0.004) and presubiculum region of hippocampus [β=-0.01; 95% CI=-0.02,-0.00, p=0.002). Strictly lobar CMBs were associated with smaller total white matter volume [β=-0.03; 95% CI=-0.04,-0.01, p<0.001] and with region specific white matter volumes. The underlying mechanism requires further research and may involve shared mechanisms of vascular dysfunction and neurodegeneration.

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doi.org/10.18632/aging.102478, hdl.handle.net/1765/122416
Biomedical Imaging Group Rotterdam

Gyanwali, B. (Bibek), Shaik, M.A. (Muhammad Amin), Tan, C.S. (Chuen Seng), Vrooman, H., Venketasubramanian, N., Chen, C. (Christopher), & Hilal, S. (2019). Mixed-location cerebral microbleeds as a biomarker of neurodegeneration in a memory clinic population. Aging, 11(22), 10581–10596. doi:10.18632/aging.102478