Background: Socioeconomic status (SES) has been associated with early mortality in cancer patients. However, the association between SES and outcome in colorectal cancer patients is largely unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate whether SES is associated with short- and long-term outcome in patients undergoing curative surgery for colorectal cancer. Methods: Patients who underwent curative surgery in the region of Rotterdam for stage I–III colorectal cancer between January 2007 and July 2014 were included. Gross household income and survival status were obtained from a national registry provided by Statistics Netherlands Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek. Patients were assigned percentiles according to the national income distribution. Logistic regression and Cox proportional hazard regression were performed to assess the association of SES with 30-day postoperative complications, overall survival and cancer-specific survival, adjusted for known prognosticators. Results: For 965 of the 975 eligible patients (99%), gross household income could be retrieved. Patients with a lower SES more often had diabetes, more often underwent an open surgical procedure, and had more comorbidities. In addition, patients with a lower SES were less likely to receive (neo) adjuvant treatment. Lower SES was independently associated with an increased risk of postoperative complications (Odds ratio per percent increase 0.99, 95%CI 0.99–0.998, p = 0.004) and lower cancer-specific mortality (Hazard ratio per percent increase 0.99, 95%CI 0.98–0.99, p = 0.009). Conclusion: This study shows that lower SES is associated with increased risk of postoperative complications, and poor cancer-specific survival in patients undergoing surgery for stage I–III colorectal cancer after correcting for known prognosticators.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Colorectal cancer, Postoperative outcomes, Socioeconomic status, Surgical resection, Survival
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11605-019-04435-2, hdl.handle.net/1765/122462
Journal Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Citation
van den Berg, I. (I.), Büttner, S, Coebergh van den Braak, R.R.J, Ultee, K.H.J, Lingsma, H.F, van Vugt, J.L.A, & IJzermans, J.N.M. (2019). Low Socioeconomic Status Is Associated with Worse Outcomes After Curative Surgery for Colorectal Cancer: Results from a Large, Multicenter Study. Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery. doi:10.1007/s11605-019-04435-2