Objective: Risk stratification within the ICD population warrants the examining of the role of protective- and risk factors. Current study examines the association between Type D personality, pessimism, and optimism and risk of ventricular tachyarrhythmias (VTa's) and mortality in patients with a first-time ICD 6 years post implantation. Methods: A total of 221 first-implant ICD patients completed questionnaires on optimism and pessimism (Life Orientation Test) and Type D personality (Type D scale DS14) 10 to 14 days after implantation. VTa's and all-cause mortality 6 years post implant comprised the study endpoints. Results: Ninety (40.7%) patients had experienced VTa's and 37 (16.7%) patients died, 12 (5.4%) due to a cardiac cause. Adjusted logistic regression analysis showed that pessimism was significantly associated with increased risk of VTa's (OR = 1.09; 95% CI = 1.00–1.19; p =.05). Type D personality (OR = 1.05; 95% CI = 0.47–2.32; p =.91) and optimism (OR = 1.00; 95% CI = 0.90–1.12; p =.98) were not associated with VTa's. None of the personality types were associated with mortality. Conclusion: Pessimism was associated with VTa's but not with mortality. No significant association with either of the endpoints was observed for Type D personality and optimism. Future research should focus on the coexistent psychosocial factors that possibly lead to adverse cardiac prognosis in this patient population.

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doi.org/10.1016/j.genhosppsych.2019.11.009, hdl.handle.net/1765/122644
General Hospital Psychiatry
Department of Cardiology

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