OBJECTIVE: The effect of dual renin-angiotensin system (RAS) inhibition in heart failure (HF) is still controversial. Systematic reviews have shown that dual RAS blockade may reduce mortality and hospitalizations, yet it has been associated with the increased risk of renal dysfunction (RD). Surprisingly, although RD in patients with HF is frequent, the effect of combining RAS inhibitors in HF patients with RD has never been studied in a meta-analysis. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials involving HF patients with RD who received dual blockade analyzing death, cardiovascular (CV) death or HF hospitalization, and adverse events. RESULTS: Out of 2258 screened articles, 12 studies were included (34,131 patients). Compared with monotherapy, dual RAS inhibition reduced hazard ratio of death to 0.94 (p=0.07) and significantly reduced CV death or HF hospitalization to 0.89 (p=0.0006) in all individuals, and to 0.86 (p=0.005) in patients with RD and to 0.91 (p=0.04) without RD. Nevertheless, dual RAS blockade significantly increased the risk of renal impairment (40%), hyperkalemia (44%), and hypotension (42%), although discontinuation of treatment occurs only in 3.68% versus 2.19% (p=0.00001). CONCLUSIONS: Dual RAS inhibition therapy reduces the risk of CV death or HF hospitalization. However, cautions monitoring for specific adverse events may be warranted.

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doi.org/10.1177/1470320319882656, hdl.handle.net/1765/122668
JRAAS - Journal of the Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System
Department of Internal Medicine

Silva, A.R. (Alessandra Rodrigues), Martini, A.G. (Alexandre Goes), Canto, G.L. (Graziela De Luca), Guerra, E.N.D.S. (Eliete Neves da Silva), & Neves, F.A.R. (Francisco de Assis Rocha). (2019). Effects of dual blockade in heart failure and renal dysfunction: Systematic review and meta-analysis. JRAAS - Journal of the Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System, 20(4). doi:10.1177/1470320319882656