This paper explores how varying degrees of authoritarianism and populism, although not always coinciding, have been intrinsic to the imposition of agrarian policies in Mozambique. Taking the case of ProSAVANA, a highly controversial agrarian development program, we look at how its undemocratic imposition by the state has given rise to a vigorous resistance movement. By tracing a decade of electoral results in selected districts where ProSAVANA is intended to be implemented, we argue that due to its agrarian authoritarian policies which have had negative implications on rural livelihoods, the ruling party, FRELIMO, has recently been losing popularity to the strongest opposition party RENAMO.

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The Journal of Peasant Studies
International Institute of Social Studies of Erasmus University (ISS)

Monjane, B., & Bruna, N. (2019). Confronting agrarian authoritarianism: dynamics of resistance to PROSAVANA in Mozambique. The Journal of Peasant Studies, 47(1), 69–94. doi:10.1080/03066150.2019.1671357