Background: We conducted a multicentre phase II trial to investigate feasibility and antitumor activity of sequential FOLFIRINOX and Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy (SBRT) in patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer (LAPC), (LAPC-1 trial). Methods: Patients with biopsy-proven LAPC treated in four hospitals in the Netherlands between December 2014 and June 2017. Patients received 8 cycles of FOLFIRINOX followed by SBRT (5 fractions/8 Gy) if no tumour progression after the FOLFIRINOX treatment was observed. Primary outcome was 1-year overall survival (OS). Secondary outcomes were median OS, 1-year progression-free survival (PFS), treatment-related toxicity, and resection rate. The study is registered with, NCT02292745, and is completed. Findings: Fifty patients were included. Nineteen (38%) patients did not receive all 8 cycles of FOLFIRINOX, due to toxicity (n = 12), disease progression (n = 6), or patients’ preference (n = 1). Thirty-nine (78%) patients received the SBRT treatment. The 1-year OS and PFS were 64% (95% CI: 50%-76%) and 34% (95% CI: 22%-48%), respectively. Thirty grade 3 or 4 adverse events were observed during FOLFIRINOX. Two (5%) grade 3 or 4 adverse events after SBRT were observed. Two (5%) patients died due to a gastro-intestinal bleeding within three months after SBRT were observed. Six (12%) patients underwent a resection, all resulting in a complete (R0) resection. Two patients had a complete pathological response. Interpretation: FOLFIRINOX followed by SBRT in patients with LAPC is feasible and shows relevant antitumor activity. In 6 (12%) patients a potentially curative resection could be pursued following this combined treatment, with a complete histological response being observed in two patients.

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Keywords Chemotherapy, Locally advanced pancreatic cancer, Radiotherapy, Surgery, Survival
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Journal EClinicalMedicine
Suker, M, Nuyttens, J.J.M.E, Eskens, F.A.L.M, Haberkorn, B, Coene, P-P, van der Harst, E, … van Eijck, C.H.J. (2019). Efficacy and feasibility of stereotactic radiotherapy after folfirinox in patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer (LAPC-1 trial). EClinicalMedicine, 17. doi:10.1016/j.eclinm.2019.10.013