Aim: Evidence of nutritional therapies in pancreatoduodenectomy (PD) has been shown. However, few studies focus on the association between different nutritional therapies and outcomes. The aim of this review was to summarize the current evidence of nutritional therapies such as enteral nutrition (EN), immunonutrition, and synbiotics on postoperative outcomes after PD.

Methods: A systematic literature search of Embase, Medline Ovid, and Cochrane CENTRAL was done to summarize the available evidence, including randomized controlled trials, meta‐analyses and reviews, regarding nutritional therapy in PD.

Results: A total of 20 randomized controlled trials were included in this review. Safety and tolerability of EN in PD was shown. Giving postoperative EN can shorten length of stay compared to parenteral nutrition; however, the effect of EN on postoperative complications remains controversial. Postoperative EN should be given only on selective indications rather than routinely used, and preoperative EN is indicated only in patients with severe malnutrition. Giving preoperative immunonutrition is considered to reduce the incidence of infectious complications; however, evidence level is moderate and recommendation grade is weak. The beneficial effect of perioperative synbiotics on postoperative infectious complications is limited. Furthermore, the effectiveness of other nutritional supplements remains unclear.

Conclusion: Recently, evidence of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) in PD has been increasing. Early oral intake with systematic nutritional support is an important aspect of the ERAS concept. Future well‐designed studies should investigate the impact of systematic nutritional therapies on outcomes following PD.

Additional Metadata
Keywords enteral nutrition, immunonutrition, nutritional intervention, pancreatoduodenectomy, synbiotics
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1002/ags3.12287, hdl.handle.net/1765/123265
Journal Annals of Gastroenterological Surgery
Citation
Takagi, K, Domagala, P., Hartog, H, van Eijck, C.H.J, & Groot Koerkamp, B. (2019). Current evidence of nutritional therapy in pancreatoduodenectomy: Systematic review of randomized controlled trials. Annals of Gastroenterological Surgery, 3(6), 620–629. doi:10.1002/ags3.12287