The endeavour of the Virtual Business learning concept of OTO developed at the Open University of the Netherlands, is the implementation of a new type of open learning arrangements, meeting the learning needs of today’s bachelor students at the School of Informatics. OTO is the virtual learn-work environment for a course ‘Design Project’. The constructivist and prescriptive learning elements in OTO lead to conflict situations, which in our opinion are fruitful for competence based education (CBE). OTO is the acronym for “Ontwerp Transfer Open Universiteit Nederland” (

collaborative learning, constructivism, critical transformative room, virtual business learning
The New Educational Benefits of ICT in Higher Education
Erasmus School of Social and Behavioural Sciences

Bitter-Rijpkema, M.E, & Crutzen, C.K.M. (2004). The Conflict between Constructivist and Prescriptive Learning in a Virtual Learn-Work Environment. In The New Educational Benefits of ICT in Higher Education. Retrieved from