In this study, we propose a novel approach for estimation of local activation times (LATs) in fractionated electrograms. Using an electrophysiological tissue model, we first formulate the electrogram array as a convolution of transmembrane currents with a distance kernel. These currents are more local activities and less affected by the heterogeneity in the tissue compared to electrograms. We then deconvolve the distance kernel with the electrograms to reconstruct the transmembrane current. To stabilize the solution of this ill-posed deconvolution, we use spatio-temporal total variation as a regularization. This helps to preserve sharp spatial and temporal deflections in the currents that are of higher importance in LAT estimation. Finally, the maximum negative slope of the reconstructed transmembrane currents are used to estimate the LATs. Instrumental comparison to two reference approaches shows that the proposed approach performs better in estimating the LATs in fractionated electrograms.

Additional Metadata
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1109/EMBC.2019.8856683, hdl.handle.net/1765/123919
Conference 41st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2019
Citation
Abdi, B. (Bahareh), Van Der Veen, A.-J. (Alle-Jan), de Groot, N.M.S, & Hendriks, R.C. (Richard C.). (2019). Local Activation Time Estimation in Fractionated Electrograms of Cardiac Mappings. In Proceedings of the Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS (pp. 285–288). doi:10.1109/EMBC.2019.8856683