In research and practice, public transportation planning is executed in a series of steps, which are often divided into the strategic, the tactical, and the operational planning phase. Timetables are normally designed in the tactical phase, taking into account a given line plan, safety restrictions arising from infrastructural constraints, as well as regularity requirements and bounds on transfer times. In this paper, however, we propose a timetabling approach that is aimed at decision making in the strategic phase of public transportation planning and to determine an outline of a timetable that is good from the passengers’ perspective. Instead of including explicit synchronization constraints between train runs (as most timetabling models do), we include the adaption time (waiting time at the origin station) in the objective function to ensure regular connections between passengers’ origins and destinations. We model the problem as a mixed integer quadratic program and linearise it. Furthermore we propose a heuristic to generate starting solutions. We illustrate the type of solutions found by our approach on two case studies based on the Dutch railway network and analyse trade-offs that are made to balance dwell times and regularity of trains.

Additional Metadata
Keywords public transportation planning, strategic timetabling, integration of timetabling and passenger routing
Persistent URL
Series ERIM Report Series Research in Management
Journal ERIM report series research in management Erasmus Research Institute of Management
Polinder, G.-J, Schmidt, M.E, & Huisman, D. (2020). Timetabling for strategic passenger railway planning (No. ERS-2020-001-LIS). ERIM report series research in management Erasmus Research Institute of Management. Retrieved from