The growing academic literature on ‘food sovereignty’ has elaborated a food producer- driven vision of an alternative, more ecological food system rooted in greater democratic control over food production and distribution. Given that the food sovereignty developed with and within producer associations, a rural setting and production- side concerns have overshadowed issues of distribution and urban consumption. Yet, ideal types such as direct marketing, time-intensive food preparation and the ‘family shared meal’ are hard to transcribe into the life realities in many non-rural, non-farming households, and it is unclear, in turn, how such realities can fit into models of food sovereignty. A particular practical and research gap exists in how to engage the overwhelming need for food options served under time constraints and (often) outside of the home or a full-service restaurant. The over-generalized vilification of ‘fast food’ should be replaced by a framework that allows us to distinguish between unhealthy, corporate fast foods and both traditional and emerging alternatives that can serve to extend the tenets of food sovereignty further into food processing, distribution and consumption. This article analyzes existing conceptualizations of fast food, explores fast food historically, and studies how food sovereignty can operationalize its tenets and priorities in situations where fast food is an unquestionable necessity.

Nutrition · Slow food · Corporate food · Rural–urban linkages · Food justice · Nested markets,
Journal of Agricultural & Environmental Ethics
International Institute of Social Studies of Erasmus University (ISS)

Thiemann, L, & Roman-Alcalá, A.M. (2019). Fast Food Sovereignty: Contradiction in Terms or Logical Next Step?. Journal of Agricultural & Environmental Ethics, 32(5-6), 813–834. doi:10.1007/s10806-019-09800-4