Background: To determine the normal perivalvular 18F-Fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) uptake on positron emission tomography (PET) with computed tomography (CT) within one year after aortic prosthetic heart valve (PHV) implantation. Methods: Patients with uncomplicated aortic PHV implantation were prospectively included and underwent 18F-FDG PET/CT at either 5 (± 1) weeks (group 1), 12 (± 2) weeks (group 2) or 52 (± 8) weeks (group 3) after implantation. 18F-FDG uptake around the PHV was scored qualitatively (none/low/intermediate/high) and quantitatively by measuring the maximum Standardized Uptake Value (SUVmax) and target to background ratio (SUVratio). Results: In total, 37 patients (group 1: n = 12, group 2: n = 12, group 3: n = 13) (mean age 66 ± 8 years) were prospectively included. Perivalvular 18F-FDG uptake was low (8/12 (67%)) and intermediate (4/12 (33%)) in group 1, low (7/12 (58%)) and intermediate (5/12 (42%)) in group 2, and low (8/13 (62%)) and intermediate (5/13 (38%)) in group 3 (P = 0.91). SUVmax was 4.1 ± 0.7, 4.6 ± 0.9 and 3.8 ± 0.7 (mean ± SD, P = 0.08), and SUVratio was 2.0 [1.9 to 2.2], 2.0 [1.8 to 2.6], and 1.9 [1.7 to 2.0] (median [IQR], P = 0.81) for groups 1, 2, and 3, respectively. Conclusion: Non-infected aortic PHV have similar low to intermediate perivalvular 18F-FDG uptake with similar SUVmax and SUVratio at 5, 12, and 52 weeks after implantation.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Image interpretation, Infection, Inflammation, PET, Valvular heart disease
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12350-019-02025-y, hdl.handle.net/1765/124156
Journal Journal of Nuclear Cardiology
Citation
Wahadat, A.R. (Ali R.), Tanis, W, Scholtens, A.M, Bekker, M. (Margreet), Graven, L.H. (Laura H.), Swart, L.E, … Budde, R.P.J. (2020). Normal imaging findings after aortic valve implantation on 18F-Fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography with computed tomography. Journal of Nuclear Cardiology. doi:10.1007/s12350-019-02025-y