Purpose: To assess the ability of pressure measurements to discriminate clinically significant celiac artery (CA) or superior mesenteric artery (SMA) stenosis in patients with suspected chronic mesenteric ischemia (CMI). Materials and Methods: Single-center, retrospective cohort study of 41 intra-arterial pressure measurements during mesenteric angiography with intended revascularization, performed in 37 patients (mean age 67.7 ± 10.8 years, 62% female) between April 2015 and May 2017. Simultaneous prestenotic and poststenotic pressure measurements had been obtained before and after intra-arterial administration of nitroglycerin. Revascularization was performed in 38 of 41 procedures. Definitive diagnosis of CMI was defined as patient-reported symptom relief or improvement after successful revascularization. Results: Pressure gradients obtained after vasodilator administration were significantly higher in CAs and SMAs with ≥50% stenosis. Pressure ratios (pressure distal [Pd]/pressure aorta [Pa]) obtained after vasodilator administration were significantly higher in CAs with ≥50% stenosis. Subgroup analysis of 22 patients with a ≥50% stenosis of either CA or SMA showed significantly higher pressure gradients and Pd/Pa ratios after vasodilator administration in CMI patients (median pressure gradient: CMI [interquartile ratio] 36 [21-40] mm Hg versus no-CMI 20 [9-21] mm Hg, P = 0.041; Pd/Pa: CMI 0.703 [0.598-0.769] versus no-CMI 0.827 [0.818-0.906], P = .009). A ≤0.8 Pd/Pa cutoff value after administration of a vasodilator best identified a clinically relevant stenosis, with 86% sensitivity and 83% specificity. Complications related to the pressure measurements were not observed. Conclusions: Intra-arterial pressure measurements are feasible and safe. Low Pd/Pa ratios were associated with clinically relevant CA or SMA stenosis.

Additional Metadata
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvir.2019.10.019, hdl.handle.net/1765/124214
Journal Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology
Citation
van Dijk, L.J.D. (Louisa J.D.), Terlouw, L.G. (Luke G.), Leemreis - van Noord, D, Bijdevaate, D.C, Bruno, M.J, & Moelker, A. (2020). Endovascular Pressure Measurements to Assess the Functional Severity of Mesenteric Arterial Stenoses. Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology. doi:10.1016/j.jvir.2019.10.019