Objective: This study investigated the factors related to the ratio of the venoarterial carbon dioxide tension difference [P(v-a)CO2] to the arteriovenous oxygen content difference [C(a-v)O2] (hereafter termed “Ratio”). Methods: We retrospectively studied 1294 pairs of arterial and central venous blood gas measurements in 352 critically ill patients. A high Ratio was defined as > 1.68 based on published literature. Measurements were divided into four groups: Group I [P(v-a)CO2 6 mmHg/central venous oxygen saturation (ScvO2) < 70%], Group II [P(v-a)CO2 6 mmHg/ScvO2 70%], Group III [P(v-a)CO2 > 6 mmHg/ScvO2 70%], and Group IV [P(v-a)CO2 > 6 mmHg/ScvO2< 70%]. Results: The Ratio’s strongest correlation was with P(v-a)CO2 when compared with ScvO2 and hemoglobin in all data. The P(v-a)CO2 and ScvO2 were significantly higher and the hemoglobin and arterial oxygen saturation were significantly lower in the high Ratio measurements (>1.68) than low Ratio measurements (1.68). The P(v-a)CO2 was best for predicting a high Ratio. A P(v-a)CO2 threshold of 7 mmHg was associated with a sensitivity of 41.77% and specificity of 90.62% for predicting a high Ratio. Conclusions: A high P(v-a)CO2 is the most relevant contributor to a high Ratio among all related factors in critically ill patients.

intensive care unit, oxygen consumption (VO2), oxygen delivery (DO2), P(v-a)CO2, P(v-a)CO2/C(a-v)O2 ratio, ScvO2
dx.doi.org/10.1177/0300060519854633, hdl.handle.net/1765/124350
The Journal of international medical research
Department of Intensive Care

He, H. (Huaiwu), Long, Y. (Yun), Liu, D. (Dawei), Tang, B. (Bo), & Ince, C. (Can). (2019). Relationship of relevant factors to P(v-a)CO2/C(a-v)O2 ratio in critically ill patients. The Journal of international medical research, 48(1). doi:10.1177/0300060519854633