This paper aims to explicitly account for the impact of inertia (or habit) on departure time decisions, and explore (1) to what extent departure time is influenced by inertia, (2) what influences individuals’ inertia with respect to departure time decisions, and (3) to what extent it impacts transport policies. We estimate an integrated choice and latent variable (ICLV) model using a stated preference survey for morning car commuters in the Greater Copenhagen Area. We interact the rescheduling components in the Scheduling Model (SM) with the latent variable Inertia. The modelling results show that higher levels of inertia yields higher rescheduling penalties and lower willing to shift departure time. Furthermore, we find that inertia in departure time is influenced by gender, presence of children in the household as well as work type. We test the behavioral responses to demand management policies for segments with different inertia, and find that the least inertial segment showed the highest substitution patterns, while the most inertial segment show the lowest substitution patterns. Finally, we compared the ICLV model to a reference model without inertia, and find that the effects of the demand management strategy is overestimated if inertia is neglected.

Departure time choice, Habit, Inertia, Integrated choice and latent variable model,
Transportation Research. Part A: Policy & Practice
Erasmus University Rotterdam

Thorhauge, M. (Mikkel), Swait, J, & Cherchi, E. (Elisabetta). (2020). The habit-driven life: Accounting for inertia in departure time choices for commuting trips. Transportation Research. Part A: Policy & Practice, 133, 272–289. doi:10.1016/j.tra.2020.01.023