Profit Shifting in Two-Sided Markets
We investigate how multinational two-sided platform firms set their prices on intra-firm transactions. Two-sided platform firms derive income from two customer groups that are connected through at least one positive network externality from one group to the other. A main finding is that, even in the absence of taxation, transfer prices deviate from marginal cost of production. A second result of the paper is that it is inherently difficult to establish arm’s length prices in two-sided markets. Finally, we find that differences in national tax rates may be welfare enhancing, despite the use of (abusive) transfer prices as a profit-shifting device.
|Keywords||Multinational Enterprises, Two-Sided Markets, Profit Shifting|
|JEL||Market Structure and Pricing (jel D4), Oligopoly and Other Forms of Market Imperfection (jel D43), Business Taxes and Subsidies (jel H25), Multinational Firms; International Business (jel F23)|
|Journal||International Journal of the Economics of Business|
Schindler, D.S., & Schjelderup, G. (2010). Profit Shifting in Two-Sided Markets. International Journal of the Economics of Business, 17(3), 373–383. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/124626