The human eye is suspended in the orbit. A miraculous interaction between pressure and tensile forces in the soft tissues keeps the eye in place, while a large range of rotational motion is enabled. This article discusses the factors (the geometrical shapes of the tissues, their material properties, their mechanical interactions, and the mechanical loads) that play a role in understanding soft tissue biomechanics and the suspension of the eye in the orbit.

Continuum mechanics, Finite-element analysis, Material properties, Orbital biomechanics, Orbital connective tissue, Orbital fat, Orbital geometry, Sclera, Tenon’s capsule,
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Schutte, S, Asmussen, G, van Keulen, F, Botha, C.P, Goudsmit, F-W, van der Helm, F.C.T, & Simonsz, H.J. (2010). Orbital soft tissue biomechanics. In Encyclopedia of the Eye, Four-Volume Set (pp. 232–240). doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-374203-2.00282-7