Efficacy and Safety of High Potent P2Y12 Inhibitors Prasugrel and Ticagrelor in Patients With Coronary Heart Disease Treated With Dual Antiplatelet Therapy: A Sex-Specific Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Background Sex differences in efficacy and safety of dual antiplatelet therapy remain uncertain because of the underrepresentation of women in cardiovascular trials. The aim of this study was to perform a sex-specific analysis of the pooled efficacy and safety data of clinical trials comparing a high potent P2Y12 inhibitor+aspirin with clopidogrel+aspirin in patients with acute coronary syndrome. Methods and Results A systematic literature search was performed. Randomized clinical trials that compared patients following percutaneous coronary intervention/acute coronary syndrome who were taking high potent P2Y12 inhibitors+aspirin versus clopidogrel+aspirin were selected. Random effects estimates were calculated and relative risks with 95% CIs on efficacy and safety end points were determined per sex. We included 6 randomized clinical trials comparing prasugrel/ticagrelor versus clopidogrel in 43 990 patients (13 030 women), with a median follow-up time of 1.06 years. Women and men had similar relative risk (RR) reduction for major cardiovascular events (women: RR, 0.89 [95% CI, 0.80-1.00; men: RR, 0.84 [95% CI, 0.79-0.91) (P for interaction=0.39). Regarding safety, women and men had similar risk of major bleeding by high-potency dual antiplatelet therapy (RR, 1.18 [95% CI, 0.98-1.41] versus RR, 1.03 [95% CI, 0.93-1.14]) (P for interaction=0.20). Conclusions The small and statistically insignificant difference in efficacy and safety estimates of high-potency dual antiplatelet therapy between women and men following percutaneous coronary intervention/acute coronary syndrome do not justify differential dual antiplatelet therapy treatment for both sexes.
|Keywords||coronary artery disease, dual antiplatelet therapy, sex‐specific|
|Persistent URL||dx.doi.org/10.1161/JAHA.119.014457, hdl.handle.net/1765/124988|
|Journal||Journal of the American Heart Association|
Schreuder, M.M. (Michelle M.), Badal, R. (Ricardo), Boersma, H, Kavousi, M, Roos-Hesselink, J.W, Versmissen, J, … Roeters van Lennep, J.E. (2020). Efficacy and Safety of High Potent P2Y12 Inhibitors Prasugrel and Ticagrelor in Patients With Coronary Heart Disease Treated With Dual Antiplatelet Therapy: A Sex-Specific Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Journal of the American Heart Association, 9(4). doi:10.1161/JAHA.119.014457