Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare the rate of first attempt success of endotracheal intubation performed by ambulance nurses in patients with a Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) of 3 using video laryngoscopy versus direct laryngoscopy. Methods: A prospective cohort study was conducted in a single, independent ambulance service. Twenty of a total of 65 nurse-staffed ambulances were equipped with a video laryngoscope; a classic direct laryngoscope (Macintosh) was available on all 65 ambulances. The primary outcome was first attempt success of the intubation. Secondary outcomes were overall success, time needed for intubation, adverse events, technical or environmental issues encountered, and return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC). Ambulance nurses were asked if the intubation device had affected the outcome of the intubation. Results: The first attempt success rate in the video laryngoscopy group [53 of 93 attempts (57%)] did not differ from that in the direct laryngoscopy group [61 of 126 (48%); p = 0.221]. However, the second attempt success rate was higher in the video laryngoscopy group [77/93 (83%) versus 80/126 (63%), p = 0.002]. The median time needed for the intubation (53 versus 56 s) was similar in both groups. Ambulance nurses more often expected a positive effect when performing endotracheal intubation with a video laryngoscope (n = 72, 81%) compared with a direct laryngoscope (n = 49, 52%; p < 0.001). Conclusion: Although no significant effect on the first attempt success was found, video laryngoscopy did increase the overall success rate. Ambulance nurses had a more positive valuation of the video laryngoscope with respect to success chances.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Ambulance, Endotracheal intubation, Laryngoscopy, Prehospital, Video laryngoscopy
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00068-020-01326-z, hdl.handle.net/1765/125038
Journal European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery
Citation
Breeman, W, van Vledder, M.G, Verhofstad, M.H.J, Visser, A. (Albert), & van Lieshout, E.M.M. (2020). First attempt success of video versus direct laryngoscopy for endotracheal intubation by ambulance nurses: a prospective observational study. European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery. doi:10.1007/s00068-020-01326-z