Using a sample of over 5000 establishments in Germany, we analyze the antecedents and effects of profit sharing (PS) and employee share ownership (ESO) with respect to the ability of firms to meet their recruitment and retention objectives and to achieve employment growth. We draw on both economic and behavioral perspectives to argue that firms that adopt PS and ESO plans do so in order to attract and retain employees. Using logistic regression and a propensity score matching technique, we find that firms that face higher recruitment problems, and those that have greater employment growth objectives, are more likely to use ESO and PS. Unlike ESO, PS enhances firm-level employment growth. However, neither ESO nor PS help firms to fully resolve recruitment and retention problems.

Profit sharing, employee share ownership, recruitment, retention, employment growth,
International Journal of Human Resource Management
Rotterdam School of Management (RSM), Erasmus University

Richter, A., & Schrader, S. (2016). Financial Participation and Recruitment and Retention: Causes and Consequences. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 28(11), 1563–1590. doi:10.1080/09585192.2015.1128456